In Mexico, housing provision has been the trigger for urban sprawl both in formal and informal production. Even though housing lag has been an issue since the beginning of the XX century, with the conformation of the industrial cities, it only became part of the national public agenda after the mid 50’s, when urban population exceeded rural population. Since the 70’s, the federal government has addressed housing policy to provide workers the option to acquire a house through the generation of ONAVIS (standing for National Housing Organisms). However, these have developed housing complexes each time further from the central city. Although the paradigm that supported housing production for many decades was a Welfare State, the crisis experienced in Mexico during the 80’s and the 90’s, as well as the influence of International Organisms, led to a restructuring of the ONAVIS. As a result, these organisms became funding institutions for housing, and the construction was left in charge of private developers, who gained control not only of the housing market, but of the production of the city.
Therefore, Mexican territory has experienced for decades a housing production model characterized by uneven and accelerated territorial expansion stimulated by the market, and that has failed to coordinate with the local Urban Development Plans. The expansion and creation of new human settlements lack of any type of sustainability, generating a series of external negativities. Additionally, the housing provision scheme managed by the ONAVIS leaves about 50% from the population unable to access the formal housing market, leading to the production of informal housing, which UN-Habitat estimates constitutes about 65% of the total housing production in Mexico. Both modalities tend to be settled in high- risk context, jeopardizing the wellbeing and quality of life of millions of Mexicans. The workshop will address the various challenges in the peri-urban areas in Mexico.
PROF HÉCTOR ÁVILA-SÁNCHEZ
PhD in Geography (UNAM-Mexico). Diploma in Spatial Planning (Technical University of Madrid, Spain), Postdoctoral Research (Toulouse-Le Mirail University, France). Lead Researcher of the Regional Studies Program; Regional Center for Multidisciplinary Research (CRIM-UNAM). Professor of the Graduate Programs of Geography and Graduate Program of Political and Social Sciences (UNAM). Advisor of the National Postgraduate Programs in Regional and Territorial Studies (Chapingo Autonomous University, Guerrero Autonomous University, Querétaro Autonomous University). Visiting professor at various universities and international research centers, including Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil; Center for Innovation, Research and Development (CIRAD), France; State University of Sao Paulo (UNESP); PhD in Territorial Studies, University of Caldas, Colombia; Department of Geography, Laval University, Canada; PhD in Rural Development, Mayor University of San Andrés, Bolivia.
He has conducted regional and local research on rural development topics, urban-rural studies, as well as economic and regional geography. In the last 20 years, he has especially studied concepts and methodologies on issues of periurbanization, urbanization, urban and periurban agriculture, in Mexico and Latin America. In 2019, he was the holder of the Latin America Chair at the University of Toulouse, Jean Jaurès, France.
9.15 AM – 3.30 PM UK TIME
3.15 AM – 9.30 AM MEXICO TIME
|UK Time||Mexico Time||Programme||Presentations topics|
|9.15-9.30 AM||3.15-3.30 AM||Waiting Lobby Opens|
|9.30-9.45 AM||3.30-3.45 AM||Part 1 Introduction|
|9.45-10.30 AM||3.45-4.30 AM||Keynote by Prof Héctor Ávila-Sánchez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico||Peri urbanization in Mexico|
|10.30-10.40 AM||4.30-4.40 AM||Presentation 1 by Mara Cortés Lara and Carolina Rojas Lafarga, Jesuit University of Guadalajara||Sustainability Indicator for peri-Urban areas in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara|
|10.40-10.50 AM||4.40-4.50 AM||Presentation 2 by Veronica Albarran Carrillo, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico||Narratives of the peri-urban. Town imaginaries at Toluca Valley: Calixtlahuaca and Tecaxic|
|10.50-11.00 AM||4.50-5.00 AM||Presentation 3 by Simone Di Pietro, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern||Suburbanization and shrinking cities phenomena in Mexico. A view based on 2020 census data|
|11.00-11.10 AM||5.00-5.10 AM||Presentation 4 by Eska Solano Meneses, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico||The peri-urban space: towards the revaluation of the rural|
|11.10-11.40 AM||5.10-5.40 AM||Q & A|
|11.40-11.50 AM||5.40-5.50 AM||Presentation 5 by Carlos L. Delgado Castillo, Iberoamerican University, Mexico City||Pattern analysis as a tool for definition of the essence of a place: a case of the southern periphery of Mexico City|
|11.50-12.00 PM||5.50-6.00 AM||Presentation 6 by Georgina A. García Luna Villgrán, Eska E. Solano Meneses and Verónica Zendejas Santín, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico||Housing unnocupation in peripheral areas of the Metropolitan Zone of Toluca Valley|
|12.00-12.10 PM||6.00-6.10 AM||Presentation 7 by Carlos A. Betancourt, Iberoamerican University, Mexico City||Recovery of ecosystems in the periphery of cities through the consolidation of the existing urban fabric through inclusive mixed uses|
|12.10-12.30 PM||6.10-6.30 AM||Q & A|
|12.30-1.30 PM||6.30-7.30 AM||LUNCH BREAK|
|1.30-1.40 PM||7.30-7.40 AM||Part 2 Introduction|
|1.40-2.10 PM||7.40-8.10 AM||Breakout Room Activity 1|
|2.10-2.30 PM||8.10-8.30 AM||Discussion|
|2.30-3.00 PM||8.30-9.00 AM||Breakout Room Activity 2|
|3.00-3.30 PM||9.00-9.30 AM||Discussion and Conclusion|